A study ties foods with a high glycemic index, meaning foods that raise the blood sugar most, with an increased risk of lung cancer, according to HUFF/POST 50. Scientists from the University of Texas MD Cancer Center have published a study in Cancer Epidemiology , Biomarkers and Prevention detailing their research on whether the glycemic index is linked to lung cancer.
Results revealed that as much as 49 percent of an increase in lung cancer can be due to intake of carb-rich foods such as bagels, white bread, baguettes, and white rice. These high glycemic index foods may increase lung cancer risk regardless of whether a person smokes or not.
The study involved 1,095 patients that had recently been diagnosed with lung cancer along with 2,413 people who were healthy. Eating habits as well as health history were then grouped together based upon glycemic index as well as carbohydrate intake, HUFF/POST 50 reports.
The leading author, Xifeng Wu, observed a 49 percent increased risk of lung cancer among participants with the highest daily glycemic index compared to those with the lowest daily glycemic index. The study revealed that it was the processed carbs that were being ingested that caused the rise in lung cancer risk and not necessarily the glycemic load.
In the United States, lung cancer is one of the deadliest diseases with 150,000 new diagnosed cases each year, according to the American Cancer Society. While smoking continues to be a leading cause, these new studies are raising awareness to the importance of the role that carbohydrate intake plays in lung cancer risk.